How do rabbits see their surroundings? Sense of sight of the lagomorphs

How do rabbits see their surroundings? Sense of sight of the lagomorphs

How do rabbits see the world? With their long ears, rabbits can hear well, but what about the eyes? Do the Hopplers see the world as we do or in a completely different way? Here you can find out and understand your darling even better in the future.

If you carve so many carrots, you have to see razor-sharp, don't you? Not quite. The rabbits' eyes and sense of sight are optimized for their survival as prey in the wild - sharpness is not as important as an all-round view. How rabbits see your surroundings is therefore very different from our human perception.

Rabbits have a 360 degree view

Human eyes sit in the middle of the front of the head, which is why we only have limited perception from the side and are virtually blind to the rear. In rabbits, however, the eyes are wide apart on the sides of the head. This increases the viewing angle enormously, because every eye can see at an angle of about 170 degrees.

The perspective is not the same for all rabbits. Wild rabbits have relatively short fur and eyes that protrude very far. Therefore you have the broadest point of view. Domestic and pedigree rabbits are often bred so that their faces are narrower and their eyes are less prominent. In addition, long hair or floppy ears can further restrict the field of vision.

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Blind spot right in front of the face

Despite their panoramic view, rabbits also have a small area that they cannot see: exactly in front of their face, at a 10-degree angle, they see nothing. Instead, they perceive everything that is there via smell and touch. That is why some treats that you put right in front of your darling are ignored.

Rabbits hardly see in 3D

To be able to perceive spatial depth, the field must be covered by both eyes. However, the fields of vision of the two eyes only overlap in an area of ​​around 30 degrees - i.e. only a fraction of their total vision.

This is why rabbits have problems estimating distances and speeds. What they cannot do with the eyes, they compensate with the so-called parallax: As they move, they wiggle their heads. The farther away an object is, the less it visually moves during wobbling.

Are rabbits color blind? A little bit!

Like humans, rabbits have cones and chopsticks in mind. The cones enable color perception. The human eye has receptors for red, green and blue. Rabbits, however, lack the cones for the perception of red tones, so that they only see the world in green and blue tones.

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Excellent twilight view

Colors are not that important, but the hoppers must be able to see well at dusk, as that is their main activity time. That's why they have a lot more chopsticks than cones. The chopsticks are responsible for processing the brightness.

In complete darkness, however, they see just as little as people because you have no special night vision mechanisms in mind. Even in bright sunshine you don't see very well. The reason for this is her pupil: she is not very flexible and is always wide open. This quickly blinds the long ears. Due to the lack of pigmentation in the eye, albino animals are even more sensitive to light than their peers.

Rabbits are farsighted

It is important for rabbits to spot enemies early. Therefore, distant vision is more important than what is happening in their immediate surroundings. This can also be seen in the sense of sight of the lagomorphs: they have a slight curvature of the cornea that makes them farsighted. You only see blurry objects very close. Therefore, people recognize the Mümmler less by the face, but rather by smell, voice and the way in which they move.